You should start on the Publishers’ Initials Logos and Series page before coming here. I haven’t found out anything about the publishers/artists etc of these marks on undivided-back cards:

This oriental card is in terrible condition
It’s on paper rather than card

Copyright 1905 – AH

American cartoonist

Monogram of A bisected by L in the corner of the photographs of Italian cards,

Possibly a reference to Aristophot of Leipzig (qv).

Albrecht Durer logo

Nuremberg’s most famous son, the painter Albrecht Dürer is buried in the Johannisfriedhof where it attracts locals, art lovers and tourists alike.

Source: „Hier ruhe, Künstlerfürst“: Dürers Grab auf dem Johannisfriedhof

AS over W.

Continental publisher whose output included hunting cartoons by O. Anders . This formula suggests Mr A S of W (Vienna?)


A.T.F. Company of Chicago published a number of Illinois view and humorous cards and continued to divided backs.
Query a possible link with the American Type Founders Co which seems later. My card is a cartoon: COPYRIGHT 1905 R.H. Chicago postally used in 1908.

BJC Paris

Publisher who published small series on Paris and many French cities beyond including Arcachon in Gironde, Bayonne and Biarritz in the Basses-Pyrenees, Cayeux, Poitiers in Haute-Vienne. The cards are very often colourized and numbered though there are black-and-white cards and some without number. The series are quite short: barely 30 cards for Arcachon and maybe 200. B.J.C. Had a link to the Photo-Colour Establishment at 109 rue Lafayette, Paris.

B & S B in a cartouche, the S twice as big as the other letters.

Wieth all good wishes

Continental publisher of card featuring illustration of a child controlling a pig by a string attached to its rear leg.

BW 286

Numbered romantic artist-drawn card made in Germany for the UK market

CA and Co.

Postcard publishing company in Jerusalem

CG & CF in four-leafed clover

Published coloured topographicals for the Italian market. The L on the right side of the logo could be a place.

CGàMB in four-leafed clover

Published cartoons and artwork in the French style in numbered cards


Italian publishers of numbered topographical photocards of Rome.

Earl’s Series

Numbered topographicals of Worcester


signature of a political cartoonist whose work appeared on French cards, most commonly one showing Edward VII and President Émile Loubet tiptoing away from the Kaiser on the occasion of the British King’s official visit to France in May 1903. Egoz is Hebrew for nut which may give some clue to the artist’s choice of pseudonym.

Em. B. printed in red on the far left of the card at 90º to the rest

Publishers of Gruss Aus cards


French publisher of card of Dijon printed by Breger Brothers


French photographer and publisher


publisher of topographicals of Italy. Punctuation indicates that M is the abbreviation for the place of publication.

ER Paris

Paris photographer and publisher of local topographicals

F within C

French cartoonist. The expression t’en a un oeil may be translated as nothing gets past you. It was current in Paris in the first years of the 20th century.

interesting addressee

FCB above D in rosette logo.

My card is a monochrome image of Düsseldorf on a card postally used on 30 August 1903 which prompts the assumption that the D stands for Düsseldorf.

FED Cape Town

Published local topographical photocards. Not likely to be Friedrich Eyfried of Düsseldorf who used the same initials.

FH London

Is this message to Miss Galletia in code?

I do not think this is Frederick Hartmann.


French publisher of cards of photographs some of which are attributed to Stebbing

FM & Co

Danish publisher

FS & C

Published topographicals of Stockholm.

SER GFB 1757

rather sentimental drawings of children; the B is a little smaller than the GF, suggesting that it represents the place rather than being part of the name.

GGMB in four-leafed clover

Published cartoons and artwork in the French style in numbered cards


Egyptian postcard publisher. In about 1880 photographed Prince `Abbas Hilmi (1874-1944) and his brother Prince Mohamed Ali Tewfik (1875-1955), as young boys in a studio portrait. Published a series of postcards of exhibits in the Cairo Museum.


American cartoonist


  • Huggier-Steiner

The Trümmelbach Falls are the world’s only glacier waterfalls that are accessible underground by lift, galleries, tunnels, paths and platforms. The Falls carry the meltwater of the glaciers from the Jungfrau down to the valley – up to 20,000 litres of water per second. The water carries with it over 20,000 tons of boulders and scree per year and causes the entire mountain to shudder and make a thundering noise.


Initials printed in the corner of artwork of highland cattle before handwritten material that might be a stock number.



JG monogram


  • Edition Delft, J. N. A.

J. N. A.’s cards included artist-drawn maritime scenes and Dutch costume. Although it isn’t an official language of Netherlands, their Dutch-themed cards were captioned in French.

Cyanotype is a photographic printing process that produces a cyan-blue print and appears to have been used with good results to create the effect of the typical tile in the Delft edition. More cards on the more cards page

JPN followed by four digit number.

Producer of photo-cards of Switzerland for local publishers.

K No. 131

I can’t even be sure that this identifies the maker of this early Australian card


This publisher produced photocards of Barcelona which is no doubt what the B stands for. Not to be confused with Kunstverlag Robert Hügel of Berlin (qv).

D. Krebs

Artist D. Krebs signed the artwork on this card of the Swiss city of Basel which has no identifier of the publisher.

KSPM Photogr. Elitedruck.

K.S.P.M. Photographischer Elitedruck produced a series of colour photographs posed by women in long dresses and children with numbers in the form 121/6 preceded by a monogram of P and S intertwined.

My guess is that we are looking here for Kunstverlag (German for art publisher) Mr S P of M.

KV Bpest

photocard of Budapest


German publisher of illustrated cards of children. The last letter clearly indicates the home town of the publisher, JAL.


There seem to be a number of French publishers with this mark. Lucien Pollet of Lille is the best known but seems local to his area. His numbers followed the initials in the divided-back era.

M & Co., Ltd

This might appear to be Misch & Co., Ltd of Golden Lane, London, England but the dates attributed to them (1905 to 1913) are rather late for the undivided backs on their photo view cards of England. Misch & Co were only incorporated in 1910 and used a three bells logo absent from these cards.
Some of their cards credit the photography to “Downey”. W. & D. Downey were Victorian studio photographers operating in London from the 1860s to the 1910s.

Also on card: DRGM – Deutsches Reiches Gebrauchs Musterschutz – protected patented design.




This mark is indeed a mystery. Its style and location suggest that it belongs to a photographer. The international style of the back obscures the nationality of the publisher. There is nothing about Florence Groumier on-line. If she was French as her name suggests, this would suggest that the photographer was of the same nationality. If so, and he were in Paris, the monogram might indicate that he was MM of Paris.


publisher of topographical photo-cards of much of England into the divided-back era


French photographer or publisher of posed photo-cards


logo of a shield with the letters over an arrow & star.

OPR monogram



handwritten initials in photographs in a numbered series of monochrome photo-cards of Rome

PA Logo resembling a petasus (winged hat) Series No. R.P.I.

PB, Harlesden, London N.W.

Published embossed undivided-back greeting cards and comic cards in the divided-back era. Early cards had an elaborate floral display under the words POST CARD centred around a monogram of the letters PB.


German postcard publisher; said to be Edmund Papezik of Chemnitz in Saxony but it’s not clear how that works.


Ossetian women and children

PKZ published ethnographical photocards of various peoples of the Russian empire for the Russian market. A very large proportion of postcard publishers in Imperial Russia were foreigners and the choice of German as the second language on this card may be significant.


This is a publisher of topographical photocards of Paris. Pollet-Legrand. was a French postcard publisher based in rue des Arts in Lille (Nord). He also used the initials PL but his photocards seem to have been entirely local. The initials PL occur in a different context in the card illustrating RPI.

PLM edit Cannes

not the French railway company Compagnie des chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée “the PLM”. Paul Méténier was advertising as a photographer in Cannes in the last quarter of the 19th century


photographer of cards published by Paul Suess.


  • PREIS KARTE in flattened hexagons

This company published numbered topographical coloured photocards of Switzerland, Germany, Spain and France into the divided-back era. The other wording indicates a registered trade mark (Eingetragene Schutzmarke).

R and D either side of T with arms extended above them

Italian publisher of photocards of Rome


This could be R Pruvost of Montmartre in Paris but his cards seem to date from after the undivided-back era and to bear his name. My undivided-back card is Boulogne-sur-Mer which is a long way from Paris.

R & Sch B

published nice tinted photocards of Basel, Switzerland

RTD in inverted triangle

Possibly an Italian publisher of topographical photocards.


also published Twilight by H. W. Longfellow in a booklet covered in pansies. This could be the Siegel Cooper Department Store but they seem to be printers rather than retailers. Metropostcard says the initials relate to Sanford Card Co. but they were in Dansville, New York rather than Chicago.

Sk. B. & Kf.

Sk. B. & Kf. published photographs of Denmark as postcards into the divided-back era. Their postcard output also included steamships departing from Denmark and stars of the stage.

SM & Co’s Series New Zealand

SM & Co’s Series

SM & Co Series

New Zealand publishers of photo topographics. The style of some of the reverses suggests they were produced by Valentines.


Initials within a photgraph posed by models in a French card

S. Steinsberg, Geneva

E 161 S. Steinsberg, Geneve.

In 1915 Samuel Steinsberg was listed as selling embroideries and novelties at 5 Quai des Moulins.

Swiss citizen Samuel Steinsberg, born 20 January 1886 is one of those Persons registered at the Geneva border during the Second World War

S & T N 124

Published photocards of Hampton Court Palace produced by Stengel. When their divided-backs of the same location were produced by someone else, the N was replaced by an S, suggesting it is a series number rather than an indication of their place of business.

UZM UZ monogram on picture

UZ of M – perhaps Milan?

W.A & Co., H.E

German printer of cards for Charles Daferner of Galveston, Texas, USA


Handwritten initials in a photograph of Ben Lomond from above Aberfoyle. Difficult to research online because of the prevalence of www.

Young’s Series

topographicals of Scotland and England into the divided-back era.