Directory Z

Carl Zander, Berlin

  • Carl Zander, Berlin

Carl Zander, (born 1872), artist, Berlin. As well as postcards, Zander also undertook commercial design and advertising and book covers. Despite the seriousness of his etching and other monochrome images, Zander seems to have been something of a lad: In 1907 he provided the illustrations for the Mahlsdorf poet Karl Kohlis’ 400 page volume Drinker’s Guide to the Wine Tournament1. In 1908 the periodical publication Ex libris book art and applied graphics2listed Zander at 13 Lietzenburgerstrasse Berlin W 15 and praised the happy and boistrous procession and crowing cock of his festive card. The same volume lists him with others under the heading Tauschablehnungen3 which I am unable to understand.

Constantine Zangaki,

  • C. Zangaki, photogaphe
  • C. Zangaki photogaphe.

George and Constantine Zangaki were brothers, two Greek photographers active between the 1870s and 1890s who specialized in historic or ancient Egyptian scenes, producing prints for the tourist trade. They worked from Port Said and Cairo. Many of the Zangaki photographs are signed with a brother’s initial and/or a place of business, e.g., C. Zangaki or Zangaki, Cairo. The Zangaki brothers travelled along the Nile accompanied by a horse-drawn darkroom wagon to document the Egyptian scenery and events. Images included topographical views and Egyptians going about their daily lives4. Their work is quite easily recognisable, even when unsigned, if only for the stiff, artificial poses and fixed stares of their subjects. The emphasis of the portraits is firmly on composition rather than psychological insight. Their genre studies of picturesque locals were aimed principally at the tourist market. Their work also proved popular with those who were disinclined to travel but were nevertheless eager for images that held novelty and curiosity5.

Carl Zanger

Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany


Carl Zanger, haberdasher and postcard publisher, Freiburg published paintings of the Black Forest by artists including local artists H. Dischler, C. Schuster, Ludwig Zorn and G. Koschewa. Divided-backs featured the work of Wilhelm Hasemann.

Zedler & Vogel

Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany

  • Verlag von Zedler & Vogel , Kunstanstalt, Darmstadt
This photograph of the 1870 War Memorial in Cassel was published in 1901

Zedler & Vogel, publishers and print shop, Darmstadt. Photographer Carl Zedler (29 April 1864 to 23 August 1942) and Hermann Christian Vogel used the light printing technique to produce 1,890 sequentially-numbered postcards, mostly photographs. They also produced books of pictures of German towns with wonderful Jugendstil covers and worked until at least 1925. The Zedler & Vogel company still existed as an art institution in 1942 under the direction of Heinrich Zedler, Carl’s son. The company headquarters were located at 20 Lagerhausstrasse, next to a printing press run by Christian Friedrich Winter, a brother-in-law of Carl Zedler.

Ottmar Zieher, Munich, Germany

  • Ottmar Zieher, Munich (Baviere)
  • Ottmar Zieher, München
  • O.Z. above M in a shield held by a male figure in a cassock decorated with a cross.
a card of artwork by M Zeno Diemer

Ottmar Zieher (7 August 1857 to 27 November 1924) was a German publisher of picture postcards, who employed various artists for his editions in Munich and Leipzig. He also published portraits of heads of state6. Between 1903 and 1906, he published a series of colour post cards, each depicting different contemporary stamps of a particular country, the Carte Philatelique déposée D.R.G.M. 2227447. His postards also included works of the artist M Zeno Diemer.

This card has the logo O.Z. above M in a shield held by a male figure in a cassock decorated with a cross.

Woldemar Zobel

Dresden, Germany

  • Dresdner Kunstinstitut Woldemar Zobel W.W.H.

Woldemar Zobel, (1869 to 1933) printer, 9 Seidnitzer Strasse, Dresden. Zobel’s father Moritz Zobel started the business with another but in 1890 closed the firm in Struvestrasse and had his own larger factory, Lithographie und Steindruck8 built in Seidnitzer Strasse. Up to 90 workers were employed in this four-floor factory – stonemasons, stonecutters, printers, lithographers bookbinders and office clerks. Zobel entered his father’s firm as executive secretary in 1894. In the 1899 address book the firm was listed as a stock corporation, father Moritz as director, and Woldemar as executive secretary. Moritz senior died in 1900, highly honoured by the Jewish community; since 1893 he had been the chairman of the board of the Dresden synagogue9. Woldemar carried on the firm until 1910. Although he appears on Ellis Island passenger lists along with Rudolf and Lotte Zobel, his children born 1904 and 1909 respectively, he died in Hamburg.

1 Das Wein-Turnier. Ein Zechbrevier

2Ex libris Buchkunst und angewandte Graphik

3 Exchange rejections


5 Paul Frecker



8 Both words mean lithography