Wahler & Schwarz
- Wahler & Schwarz Kunstanstalt, Stuttgart Kunstler-Postkarten
Wahler & Schwarz, art postcard publishers and printers, Stuttgart published religious and patriotic cards into the divided-back era. Mr Wahler published undivided-backs advertising Cacao Moser Roth of Stuttgart. During WWI, by then owned by L Messing, the business produced propaganda cards featuring artists H. Wenng and C. H. Münch. Wahler & Schwarz produced trade cards and collectable stamps for Lahusen’s pharmacy of Bremen, particularly their Jodella cod liver oil.
Cliché Walery, Paris
- Cliché WALERY
- WALERY PARIS
The Walery photographic studio 9 bis rue de Londres, Paris was started by Stanislaw Julian Count Ostrorog (1834 to 1890) who named it after his wife Waleria. He traded in London and Paris and in Marseille until 1875. He was at 9bis rue de Londres until the bankruptcy of the Loans Company in 1878. He won medals. His son Stanislaw Julian Ignacy Ostrorog (1863 to 1929) son ran rue de Londres until his death in 1929. On this basis, he was responsible for the early postcards albeit they may use his father’s images. Parisian Charles Auguste Varsavaux (30 September 1866 to 20 April 1935 succeded to the Paris studio and used the name Walery which was a lucrative brand at the time.
Sources: A fourth Walery photographer: Walery Mroczkowski aka Ostroga Mrouk With the contribution of Jean Catherine
A.& S. Walker
- A.& S. Walker, Manchester
A.& S. Walker, stationers and paper manufacturer based in Manchester published One hundred and one views, Manchester and district and other books of pictures of the area. They published monochrome photo-cards of Manchester into the divided back era.
By 1919 they were A & S Walker, Ltd., stationers. By the 1920s, they were Artistic and Heraldic Stationers at St Ann’s Passage Corner, 2 Victoria Street, 31 & 68 Market Street, 62 King Street. This last was their print works where they were still engaged in letterpress printing in the 1950s. Unlike the non-union DC Thomson, printing staff at Walkers were members of the Typographical Society of Manchester. Walkers printed the programme for the reception of the Prime Minister of New Zealand at Manchester City Hall on 26 November 1930. In about 1935 Walkers were retailing the Conway Stewart pens including the Dandy No 81 Ink Pencil. In their time, the retail offering extended to clocks.
John Walker & Company, London
- red anchor between the words Post and Card
John Walker’s postcards were printed by the Bartholomew mapmakers and included regions throughout Great Britain and some postcards of countries further afield including Australia. Their 1903 Geographical Series cards were numbered though earlier ones weren’t. The Geographical cards typically showed a city or town map with a black and white vignette, another benefit of the tie-in with Bartholomew3. Other divided-backs were published in the Bells’ Series and bore the company name before and after incorporation. In 1904 Walkers published the earliest known picture postcards of the Turks & Caicos Islands4.
Wall, Nichols Company Limited, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
- Published by WALL, NICHOLS CO., LTD, HONOLULU
Wall, Nichols Company Limited, Honolulu, an all-purpose store for the tourist and local alike. On 21 October, 1899 Austin’s Hawaiian Weekly presented a portrait of Mr. W. E. Sharp, who had left his musical directorship of the Orpheum Orchestra for control of the musical department of Wall, Nichols & Co where he still holds sway5. Their 1904 Hawaiian Scenic View Calendar was without any exception the handsomest Hawaiian calendar ever produced6. In the Evening Bulletin of Friday, October 6, 1905, they were the source of tickets for a lecture entitled Love, Courtship, Marriage and Divorce, a marriage ceremony which concluded with a demonstration through the science of Phrenology, how Inharmonious marriages are contracted. In the Hawaiian Star of Friday 18 December 1908, when they were at Fort and Merchant Streets7, the company boasted of having the Largest Stock and Greatest Assortment of toys ever to come to Honolulu. Don’t buy until you have inspected Our immense STOCK. They also published books of Hawaian music in the early years of the 20th century. In about 1915 they published a set of playing cards promoting the islands of Hawaii which they had produced by the U.S. Playing Card Co. in Cincinnati. Many of their postcards were produced in Germany.
Marshall Wane & Co
- Marshall Wane & Co
- Marshall Wane & Co’s Series
Marshall Wane (1834 to 1903), photographer. Wane was active in the Isle of Man between 1863 and 1882 although it appears he left the Island to move to Edinburgh about 1876, keeping the studio in Douglas. The Manx Museum hold some 20,000 portrait negatives. In the 1860s onwards, he won awards and medals in competition as far away as France and India8. In February 1888, he forewent the opportunity to compete in the Dundee Photographic Exhibition in order to be one of the judges9. He opened studios at 82 George St, Edinburgh which traded as Marshall Wane & Co from 1903 following his death and, post 1907, at 130 Princes Street. A speciality was hand-coloured portraits. He also established a studio in Ayr from 1888 at 10 Alloway Place and 43 Sandgate Street. At one stage the business traded as Marshall Wane & Allan (with John Allan) but this was dissolved in 189110 and thereafter resumed under the name Marshall Wane & Co11.
Warburgs Art Publishers, Copenhagen
- Warburgs Kunst-Forlag
Warburgs Art Publishers, among other things, published postcards and topographic images from all areas of Denmark from 1901 to 1911. After the undivided-back period, they used a logo of a monogram of WKF in a circle12. They published the work of artist Hans Viggo Westergaard (1870 to 1928).
The Washington News Company, Washington DC
- The Washington News Company, Washington, D.C.-Leipzig-Berlin
Washington News Company were one of the earliest Washington D.C. postcard publishers, with a shop at 616 6th Street NW. They published an early postcard of William McKinley’s memorial service in the House of Representatives Chamber in 190213. In the 1930s the company was sued by a child injured in a road accident involving one of its salesmen of school supplies. In a leading case, his degree of independence of operation allowed the company to avoid liability on the basis that he was not an employee of the company, but an independent contractor14. They published view-cards of Washington into the 1940s.
Washington Souvenir Company, Washington DC
- WASHINGTON SOUVENIR CO., PUBLISHERS.
Washington Souvenir Company advertised15 as the HEADQUARTERS FOR SOUVENIRS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION from their shop at 1333 Pennsylvania Avenue. This was opposite Mt. Vernon Electric Railway Station, within Two Squares of the Ebbitt, Raleigh, Regent and Willard Hotels. They offered Post Cards at 2 for 5 cents, Maps at 10 cents, Redeemed Money at 15 cents, Sterling Spoons 75c. to $5.00 and Color Photographs, 25c. To $3.50. They also sold photographs in platinum and plain of the Library of Congress and Washington.
Watkins & McCombie Limited, London
- Watkins & Mc. Combie Ltd., London
Watkins & McCombie Limited, London. Publishers established in 1775 and incorporated in February 1898 when they were at 7 Paternoster Row16. In the Official Catalogue of the British Section for the 1878 Paris Universal International Exhibition17, Watkins & McCombie featured as Quill Merchants and Sealing Wax Makers of 5a Cloak Lane and 24, College Hill. Many of their better cards of London were clearly made by Stengel (qv). Watkins & McCombie had a kiosk at the very first Chelsea Flower Show, known then as the Royal International Horticultural Exhibition, in 1912. To mark the occasion they published a set of six postcards – undivided backs on buff coloured card including one of the vista from their own kiosk18.
Wehrli Brothers, Kilchberg, Zurich
- Hochgebirge-Serie Gebr. Wehrli, Kilchberg, Zürich Phot. Dr Brun
- Verlag Gebr. Wehrli Phot Kilchberg-Zürich autochrom Louis Glaser, Leipzig
- Phot. Gebr. Wehrli, Kilchberg-Zürich
- Edition Wehrli Freres, Kilchberg-Zürich
- Gebr. Wehrli, Bendlikon-Zürich
Arthur, Bruno and Harry Wehrli founded the Gebrüder Wehrli photographic shop at Kilchberg, Zurich in the mid-1890s. By 1897 they had four employees. In 1904 they took over the Fotogeschäft Bachmann in Lucerne and founded the Aktiengesellschaft Photographie-Verlag Wehrli AG. Adolf Zehnder from Kilchberg became Chairman of the Board of Directors. After the death of Harry Wehrli in 1906, Zehnder also took over the administrative management of the business19. The archives of the Wehrli brothers contain several thousand photos, which were created at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. Under extreme strain the three photographers climbed into the Hochgebirge and brought back impressive pictures. The classic Wehrli look is characterized by rich black and white colour with a great love for sharpness and precision. However, the importance of the photographic performance of the Wehrli brothers is also the popularization of mountain photography and the general acceptance of landscapes and settlements20. The postcards of Gebruder Wehrli were soon available in Switzerland21. In 1924 Wehrli AG merged with competing publisher Photoglob of Zurich22. By the 1940s Geneva firm Vouga & Co had merged with Wehrli and they were publishing B&W topographical photo-cards under the names Wehrli & Vouga and Photoglob-Wehrli-Vouga.
Kilchberg is a municipality in the district of Horgen in the canton of Zürich. It grew out of the mediaeval village of Bendlikon.
Saint Dié des Vosges, France
- Imp Ad Weick – Saint Dié
Adolphe Weick (1861 to 1915) was a postcard editor photographer and bookseller based in Saint-Dié in the Vosges. Between 1899 and 1914 Weick published nearly 1,500 military-themed postcards which provide a valuable insight into the border area created by the war of 1870. Weick also published books including Captain A. Pernot’s The Fight of Sidi-Brahim and souvenir photo albums23. The existence of Rue Adolphe Weick in Saint Dié Des Vosges represents a recognition few postcard publishers can equal.
Gustav Weise, Stuttgart.
- HERMANN KAULBACH-SERIE, 12 Nrn. Gustav Weise, Stuttgart.
The Gustav Weise publishing house in Stuttgart published between 1867 and 1963. In 1885 Weise printed the first edition of Der Trotskopf (The defiant head), a story for adult girls by Emmy von Rhoden who is credited with Emmy von Rhoden single-handedly inventing the Backfischroman, the novel for teenage girls. In 1891 Weise published a parody of Struwwelpeter of rhymes about various naughty children by Johannes Trojan illustrated with great chromolithographs by Fedor Flinzer, including Untidy Emily, Matilda the Tomboy, Conceited Lizzie, Paul the Sluggard and Unmannerly Hermann. In 1893 he also published another quality production, Gustave Weise’s Naturgeschichte in Bildern (Natural History in Pictures) . In the divided-back era Weise published postcards of the works of the Munich artist Hermann Kaulbach.
F. Weiss, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- IMPR. F. WEISS CALLE CHILE 1360
F. Weiss was one of the important postcard publishers of Buenos Aires who published photographs by leading photographer H.G. Olds (qv)24. Undivided-back cards were also published by “J. Weiss & Cia” from the same address, 1360 Calle Chile, Buenos Aires. In 1911 Printing Weiss and Preusche published the 3rd. Edition of The Puntan Tradition by J. W. Gez25. In 1918 J. Weiss y Preusche published Statutes of the German School Association Quilmes, a city in the Buenos Aires region. In 1914 the Typographic Establishment of J. Weiss & Preusche published Archive of the Argentine Nation: Documents referring to the War of Independence. In 1916 they were at 249 Calle Patricios. As of 4 October 1918, the company was added to the Enemy Trading List by The Panama Canal, Executive Department, Division of Civil Affairs, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone.26
Joseph Welch & Sons
- J.W. & S.
Joseph Welch & Sons’ business ran from 1864 to 1936, originally as a photographic publishing concern, and published some books of views of South Coast towns27. They were at 5 Cheapside, Lake Road, Portsmouth in 1898 and 359 Commercial Road by 1901. Among the millions of cards produced by this firm during the Golden Age is one depicting a naval officer, complete with stick, in a schoolmasterly stance apparently lecturing a small white dog sitting obediently on a desk top. On a blackboard in the background a caption is written: “On the knee!” You won’t! then 5 years bread and water. The earliest postmark on one of their cards is dated 12 June 190128.
Weldon Limited, London
- EDWARD VII CORONATION SOUVENIR POST CARDS Presented with WELDON’S BAZAAR OF CHILDREN’S FASHIONS June 1902
The 1922 Newspaper Press Directory lists Weldon Ltd of 30 to 32 Southampton Street, Strand, WC as publishers of Weldon’s Bazaar of Children’s Fashions having Instructions for Making Children’s Dresses at Home as its distinctive features and a cover price of 4d. Weldons were also listed as publishing a number of other sewing publications.
Western Mail, Perth, W.A., Australia
- “Western Mail” Perth, W.A.
Published from 1885 to 1955, the Western Mail was published up to 1896 as a joint venture by Charles Harper and John Winthrop Hackett, the co-owners of The West Australian, the State’s major daily paper. It was printed by James Gibbney at the paper’s office in St Georges Terrace29. Hackett and Harper still owned both papers in 1901 when Hackett was the editor-in-chief and managing director of the West Australian” Newspaper Co., Ltd and M.L.C30. The paper continued to be published by the publishers of the West Australian. In 1904 William Catton Grasby, an influential Australian agricultural journalist and educationist reported prophetically on agricultural and fruit-growing possibilities for the Western Australian government and from 1905 he was the agricultural editor of the Western Mail and West Australian. He gained a huge following for his weekly advice column for farmers31. The newspaper published photo view cards of western Australia into the divided-back era.
The Western News Company, Chicago, IL, USA
- The Western News Company, Chicago
- The Western News Company, Chicago, Berlin and Leipzig
The Western News Company, wholesale newsagent and bookseller, 123 State Street, Chicago was established by John R. Walsh, by 1867. Less than ten years later, it was one of the institutions of Chicago with a turnover of three-quarters of a million dollars32. The Company of was among the main sufferers in the Great Fire of Chicago in October 187133. In the ruins of the Company’s premises, among the immense stock of periodicals and books reduced to ashes, there was found a single leaf of a quarto Bible containing the first chapter of the Lamentations of Jeremiah34. Walsh sold part ownership of his Company to the American News Company and Western News became a branch operation. Their postcards included local topographicals and pictures of women seaside bathers.
Josef Weth, Landeck, Tyrol, Austria
- Verlag Jos. Weth, Buchhandlung in Landeck.
Josef Weth, bookseller in Landeck. In 1903 Weth ran the only bookshop in Landeck. He also traded in photographic articles and fancy goods including set of a dozen fan-shaped correspondence cards. His postcards of photographs of the locality were elegantly framed in drawings by E. Döcker and produced by Rafael Neuber of Vienna and Berlin.
Charles E. Weyand & Company, New York
- CHAS E. WEYAND & CO., 22 HOWARD ST.. N. Y.
Chas E. Weyand & Company, 22-26 Howard St, New York. In the 1916 Wanamaker Diary they advertised with the slogan YOUR CORRESPONDENCE WILL BE CORRECT IN EVERY DETAIL IF YOU USE COMMONWEALTH LAWN which I guess to be writing paper. The Wanamaker Diary wasn’t just a diary, but a miniature catalogue and social guidebook that was originally published for the John Wanamaker stores — complete with guides to local theatres, postal rates, holidays, and much more!35. In 1922 Weyand advertised36 for staff: GIRLS EXPERIENCED IN FINE STATIONERY; GOOD PAY; STEADY WORK. GIRLS learn in stationery factory, neat, light handiwork; steady all year; good pay. My card of theirs was Copyright 1905, a cartoon of a couple initialled C.C.W. with the motto
If you continue to decline,
And will not be my Valentine,
I know someone who will do,
Every bit as well as you.
Wharton & Company, England
- Wharton & Co.’s Series
Samuel John Wharton (1874 to 1944) was a Peterborough photographer whose distinctive products included cartes de visite reproducing entries from the births and wedding columns of The Times newspaper. These bore the name “Wharton and Co Peterborough” Samuel’s older brother Herbert Charles Wharton (born 1869) was also a photographer in Kilburn, London. He also produced cartes de visite with Times newspaper notices. A real photocard of Thorney Abbey in Cambridgeshire has SJW 14 on the face of the card after the title appears making it highly likely this was Samuel’s work. It is difficult to say which of the brothers produced my card of Hampstead Heath with the attribution above.
Wheaton & Company
- Wheaton’s Series
- A. WHEATON & CO’S SERIES.
Still trading, A. Wheaton and Company is one of the oldest, companies in Exeter. It can be traced back to 1780, when James Penny opened a bookshop and printer in Southgate Street. William Wheaton purchased the business on 2nd July 1835. An 1844 Old Moore’s Almanac has Wheaton’s adverts for school books and patent medicines. William died in 1846 and the business was taken over by his widow and, soon after, his son, Alfred Wheaton. In 1851, Alfred also died, and the business passed to his sisters, Mary and Anne and, in due course, their nephew, Alfred. Disaster struck in 1882 when their shop in Fore Street along with several surrounding premises was destroyed by what is known as The Great Exeter Fire. The replacement building was the first in Exeter to have a lift. In 1901 they acquired S. Lee and Company, a small printing works at 1 Preston Street. The works at this time was producing labels, magazines and general trade printing. Their Wheaton’s Series postcards were local topographicals. In 1906, the business was incorporated as a limited company. The first venture into educational publishing and printing was in 1910 when they produced a set of observation drawing cards. Alfred retired in 1928 at the age of 76. Like many successful Victorian businessman, he was active in politics as a Liberal and a keen congregationalist37. In 1914 they published Downside Abbey and School, 1814-1914, illustrated in Photogravure by D. Leo Almond. After various adventures including being taken over by Robert Maxwell, Wheatons is now known as Polestar Wheatons and remain the country’s largest educational and scientific printers.
Walter G. Wheeler & Company, London, EC
- WALTER G. WHEELER & CO., LONDON
Walter G. Wheeler & Company, religious publisher, 17 Paternoster Row, London. In about 1902 Wheeler published Garenganze: West And East by F S Arnot, an account of over 20 years missionary work in Central Africa. In the Churchman Advertiser of December 1902 they advertised as the publisher of The Puritan Quarterly. Many of their postcards featured fine pictures of flowers by good artists such as Clara von Sivers (qv) and, in the divided-back era, Catharina Klein (qv).
Goslar, Lower Saxony, Germany
Carl Hermann Adolf Wiechmann40 (1867 to 1932) Munich published a number of fine images of cultural ikons including Goethe and Beethoven, initially with the company name Nordwestdeutscher Kunstverlag and later under his own name from Munich41. With his VW monogram he published rather saccharine illustrations by A Mailick (qv). He also published books including his Hiking in the Harz Mountains and Forests and Mountains42.
- Manuel Wielandt
Manuel Wielandt, (1863 to 1922), postcard artist born in Lowenstein, Germany. Wielandt didn’t intend to be a postcard artist, but for more than a decade after his formal studies, he travelled the Continent and used his time and talents to make beautiful pictures in the eternal cities where European heritage and culture made their priceless contributions to Western civilization43. Wielandt worked primarily in Southern Europe, Switzerland and Germany. His favourite places included the French and Italian Riviera and the cities in the Italian Veneto region. Wielandt’s cards were published by J. Velten of Karlsruhe (qv) and printed by Ernest Nister of Nurnburg (qv). There are exactly 106 Wielandt postcards – four sets of 25 each and one set of six:
|Series #||Inclusive Numbers*||General Area Covered|
|Series 1.||201-225||The Liguria Region of Italy|
|Series 2.||376-400||Italian Lake District and Switzerland|
|Series 3.||451-475||French Riviera and Provence|
|Series 4.||526-550||The Veneto Region of Italy|
Wiele & Klein, Chennai, India
- Publishers Wiele & Klein, Madras
Wiele & Klein, photo studio and publishers, Madras was founded in 1882 and became the most famous photographic studio in the South of India44, Photographers and artists by Appointment to His Excellency The Governor of Madras. In the 19th Century, Wiele & Klein started to produce a set of stereographs, which were coined Veritagrammes. The set is called Indian Series. Some of the major events of history in India were photographed by Wiele & Klein including the Coronation Durbar in Delhi to commemorate the Coronation of Edward VII. The ceremonies in Delhi lasted from 29 December 1902 to 7 January 1903 and were extensively photographed by Wiele & Klein. The photographic coverage resulted in a large, luxurious album with actual photographs, a book with more than two hundred lithographed photographs and titled Coronation Durbar Delhi 1903, and a set of picture postcards. Around 1904 – in any case before the introduction of the divided back on picture postcards – Wiele & Klein produced their largest and probably most successful set of picture postcards with their own photographs. Each card is numbered and most of them are in landscape format. The printing of the title is in deep red. The title is followed by the order number with the name of the publisher. Most Wiele & Klein cards were Madras regional topographical and ethnographic. They sold the right to publish their prints to other companies, such as the Bombay-based firm A.J. Combridge & Co. By 1904, the albumen paper used by the studio since its foundation was completely replaced by silver gelatine paper of glossy finish. In 1908, E.F.H. Wiele established his own studio in Bangalore, trading as Wiele’s Studio, Bangalore and replacing Printed in Saxony with Printed in Germany45.
Paterson, New Jersey, USA
- J. Williamson, 132 Market St., Paterson, N.J.
Joseph Williamson, stationer, 132 Market St., Paterson, published local topographicals into the divided-back era.
Williamson delivered the morning metropolitan papers and the evening press throughout the city from his stationery store at 13 Park Avenue where he still was in 1894. On 22 December 1890 Williamson employed nine carriers to deliver the first edition of the Evening News newspaper.
On 2 May 1899 the local News paper reported that Joseph Williamson had instituted an action against Dr C. Eugene MacChesney for damages, on the ground that the Doctor made fraudulent representations to him as to the education of son. and that he paid large sums of money for education at the MacChesney business college, Mr. Williamson alleged that the agreement was that his son was to be made a first class bookkeeper. All the time the son was at the business college Mr. Williamson said that he received flattering reports of his progress and was led to believe that the boy was doing fine. Recently the lad attempted to enter the commercial course at the High school but failed to pass the examination. This angered his father who demanded an explanation. The paper quoted a lengthy explanation from the defender:
I was compelled to take legal proceedings to force Mr Williamson to settle his bill. The present suit is the result. More attention was given to his son than to any other single student… The young man was usually late, would be absent a portion of the day, and when detained to make up his work would absent himself on the following day. Mr. Williamson was informed promptly by mail…. Everything was done for him that could be done. It is simply a case of a boy being petted at home and no support given to the instructor. I see no reason why the public should be interested in anything of this kind. I have done much more than I agreed to do… More depends upon the student than upon the school. Yon can take a horse to water, you cannot make him drink.
The Williston Press
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
- “THE WILLISTON PRESS” BOSTON.
The Williston Press, 47 Franklin Street, Boston were printers founded 1834 possibly as successors to Beard and Williston who published the Middlesex Telegraph, and Manufacturers’ and Farmers’ Advocate between September 1831 and 1832. On 22 April 1893 the Boston Globe reported a fire that had started that morning in ceiling of the fourth storey of the five-storey building at the corner of Hawley and Franklin Streets where 47 Franklin was occupied by the Williston Press. Williston published books between at least 1891 and 1930. My photocard of kittens is printed in brown on both sides.
George Washington Wilson
- G W W series
- G.W.W. in diamond logo between POST and CARD
George Washington Wilson (1823 to 1893), born in the north east of Scotland, went to Edinburgh and then London in the 1840s to train as a portrait miniaturist. He became established in Aberdeen in the 1850s as an artist and photographer, and quickly made a name for himself among the middle classes and landed gentry. His patronage by the Royal Family during their visits to the Balmoral Estates began in 1854 when he was invited to take photographs of them in the grounds of Balmoral. He received the official appointment of Photographer Royal for Scotland in 1860 and his relationship with the Royal family continued throughout his career. Wilson’s success allowed him to employ staff photographers to carry out the routine portraiture business whilst he travelled the country indulging in his new interest in landscape photography. Wilson won a number of prizes for his photographic works including medals at the Great London International Exhibition of 1862 for his experimentation in quick exposures. George Washington Wilson and Co. captured images from all over Britain, recording everything from the natural grandeur of Fingal’s Cave on the Isle of Staffa to the bustle of London’s Oxford Street. Wilson’s staff of photographers included his son, Charles Wilson who, with senior staff photographer Fred Hardie, toured the colonial townships of South Africa. Dispatched to capture images of Australia in 1892, Hardie also travelled through Queensland, Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide. These tours provide a vivid picture of gold miners and early settlers at work and play, and of the native or aboriginal way of life. The company invested in independent photographers to capture the western Mediterranean, where they took images of Gibraltar and the south of Spain, Morocco and Tangiers.
Throughout, Wilson demonstrated technical and commercial acumen, and, by the early 1880s, the company he founded had become the largest and best-known photographic and printing firm in Scotland. Wilson handed the business over to his sons, Charles, Louis and John Wilson in 1888. The company, however, only survived for a short time under the management of his sons, with much of the company being sold in 1905 and finally ceasing trading in 1908 when the company stock was auctioned off46.
Winkler & Schorn
- WINKLER & SCHORN, NÜRNBERG
- WINKLER & SCHORN, NÜRNBERG MEISTERBILDER SERIE II Woolstone Bros. Milton serie 478 Milton logo
- SOUVERAIN S. XXIV
Michael Winkler (born in 1790 in Reichenau / Freystadt in Austria) commodities merchant in the spice trade. Winkler established a shop in Nuremberg in 1817. In 1827, after Winkler’s death, Emanuel Anton von Schorn, (born 1880 in Nuremberg), who had been a representative of the company, adopted his 16-year-old son and married his widow, becoming a shareholder of the company, which became Winkler & Schorn. Von Schorn was wealthy at that time, and a liveried servant accompanied him on his daily rides. By 1840 Winkler & Schorn, were established as a paper store in Albrecht-Dürersplatz. Some of their cards bear the name of Dürer, the painter, printmaker, and theorist of the German Renaissance under a statue of the great man. By 1900 Winkler & Schorn were printing postcards including the flood of 190847. They overprinted their sunshine series48 and other cards with the name and Milton logo of Woolstone Bros (qv). Their series trademarked SOUVERAIN were Gruss Aus and other artist-drawn topographicals numbered in Roman numerals represented in capital letters. They are still in the paper and plastic business in Rosstal49.
Winkler & Voigt, Leipzig, Germany
- KUNSTVERLAG, WINKLER & VOIGT, LEIPZIG
In the address book for Leipzig 194950 the company was listed at 8 Gerichtsweg trading in wholesale in paper, writing and leather goods and as a greeting cards publisher. They published lithograph postcards in the Gruss aus model in Paris, the Italian Lakes and Compliments from London in the British market and of the work of local Leipzig artist Erwin Spindler(qv).
Georg Heuer of Dresden
Heinrich Gläser started business as a saddler and harness maker in 1864 and in a short time was saddle-maker for the Royal Court of Saxon and a coach maker for the elite of Dresden. By 1890 he employed more than 100 people and his daughter was married to Emil Heuer, a successful master blacksmith from Radeberg. Their businesses were merged under the older man’s name and their staff increased to 175.
Emiel Heuer got into the automobile business when a local dealer asked him to build a new body on his old chassis and Heuer liked it so much that he started to build bodywork. Of Heuer’s three sons Georg liked his father’s work the most. Together they expanded the company into a workforce of 250 employees in the mid-1920s. In 1931 the design of Georg Heuer’s new convertible was voted the best of the best in Europe, even the authoritative magazine, the ‘British Motor’, called the 1932 convertible one of the most beautiful cabriolets ever built.
But the demands of automation of car building prompted them to borrow a lot of money for the refurbishment of his factory. An anticipated order from Chevrolet failed to materialise and the company was declared bankrupt overnight in 1932. Georg Heuer committed suicide.
Walter Wirth, New York
- BL. BY VALTER WIRTHS ART CO. N. Y.
- Published by Walter Wirth, New York
Walter Wirth, New York, published good quality series of cards that made up complete illustrations when placed next to each other. Many others were much less impressive cartoons on brown paper. They also produced view cards of Philadelphia focussing on the De Long Hook and Eye Company and their advertising logo See that hump?. Some of their undivided-backs were printed in Scotland. In the Annual Reports Of The New York State Treasurer For The Fiscal Years Ending 30 September 1905 and 1906, Walter Wirth’s Art Co was shown as having paid state corporation tax of $5 in 190551.
H L Woehler, Buffalo, New York
- H. L. Woehler, Buffalo, N. Y. & Dresden, Germany logo of Indian headdress and H L W. B NY in artist’s easel
H. L Woehler, Buffalo, New York publishers of Christmas and picture post cards. Their topographical photo-cards extended across the US. Woehler captioned a divided-back of the Temple of Music at the Pan American Exposition, Buffalo, NY: where President McKinlay was shot September 6th 1901. Their divided backs were often headed Woehler’s Hand Colored Post Cards.
George A. Wolf
Wilmington, Delaware, USA
- GEO. A. WOLF, WILMINGTON, DEL
George Aloys Wolf (1862 to 1946) printer and publisher, Wilmington, Delaware. New Jersey – born Wolf moved to Wilmington sometime around 1890 and married there a year later. By at least 1893, Wolf had set up shop in the Equitable Building at Ninth and Market Streets. Wolf advertised Designing, Illustrating, Engraving, and urged businesses to use woodcuts in their advertisements. Wolf printed advertisements, calendars, postcards and a number of books mostly local histories and travel guide-type books, that would have lots of illustrations and pictures in them – classic postcard publisher fare. Most lastingly, perhaps, Wolf also designed the DuPont Oval logo. He also printed the illustrated trade catalogue made to showcase Robin Hood bicycles, another Wilmington business52. By 1910, Wolf had moved out of the city and appears to have left the printing business in 1911 when he leased his printing plant to Harrison W. Barnes. His occupation in the 1920 census had changed to farmer from publisher as it had been53.
Wolfrum & Hauptmann, Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany
- DRUCK v WOLFRUM & HAUPTMANN
Wolfrum & Hauptmann, lithographers and printers, Nürnberg produced cards demonstrating a variety of printing techniques. These included Wolfrum & Hauptmann’s Price Fan Postcard Series embossed chromo-lithographs.
In the Czech journal Free Directions54 in 1899 the Wolfram & Hauptmann Lithographic Art Institute in Nuremberg announced a public tender for the acquisition of posters for various industries. Prices are set at 1000, 500 and 200 marks. Delivery deadline March 15, 1899. For more detailed information, contact the Bayerische Gewerbemuseum55 in Nuremberg.
In 1902 the company produced the official postcards for the German Fleet Review at Darmstadt including a series featuring individual vessels. The firm is listed in The Trade Contracts of 1903: Reflections and Proposals56in the members directory of the Trade Association of the Art Printing Industry.
Wood, Los Angeles, California, USA
- “WOOD’S” POSTCARDS, LOS ANGELES
Wood’s, published San Francisco earthquake and fire, April 18, 1906: Scenes Before, During and After in 1906 with the banner on the cover: California always on top Now records the most stupendous fire in history. They also published cards of the pictures in this souvenir book. When they merged with rival postcard firm L. R. Severn of Los Angeles, they appear to have been described as Wood Publishers of Los Angeles and Leipzig57.
Ludlow, Shropshire, England
- Woolley, Ludlow
- WOOLLEY, PRINTER, LUDLOW
George Woolley (1837 to 4 October 1914) was a printer and bookseller in Ludlow. In 1888 he published Ludlow, Town and Neighbourhood. A Series of Sketches of its Scenery, Antiquities, Geology, drawn and described in Pen and Ink By Oliver Baker58. In 1893 he wrote and published The Parish Church of St Lawrence, Ludlow; A monograph of the tower restoration 1889-90-9159. By 1905, Woolley’s Ludlow Guide (Woolley’s Historical and Descriptive Sketch of Ludlow Castle and the Church of St Lawrence Ludlow) was in its 12th edition60 and a further edition was published in 1909. George Woolley Limited is recorded as struck from the register of companies in The London Gazette of 24 February 1911. Woolley earned enough to have a servant and died leaving £5,632 3s 9d. He was one of the first to be buried in Ludlow Cemetery at Henley Road61.
Woolstone Brothers, London
- Woolstone Bros. Milton Series
- WOOLSTONE BROTHERS, THE MILTON SERIES, LONDON, E.C. THE MILTON POST CARD TRADE MARK above and MILTON below a portait of the poet
In 1902 Gustave Woolstone, who was of Silesian origin, registered the trade name Milton, no doubt because the business’s first premises were in Milton Street in London. They remained there, trading as Woolstone Brothers, until WWI. Their earliest cards had undivided backs and were printed by Winkler & Schorn, Nurnberg (qv) overprinted with the name and Milton logo of Woolstone Bros62. These included the 1903 sunshine series63 where the principal subject was accentuated by an embossed gilt dot. Woolstone was present at the Peace Banquet held by the Jewish Historical Society in 1920 to celebrate the peace and the semi-jubilee of the society.
World Post Card Company, Philadelphia, PA, USA
- THE WORLD POST CARD CO., 1008 WALNUT ST., PHILADELPHIA
World Post Card Company, Philadelphia, a publisher and printer of black & white and tinted halftone view-cards in line block. The company was founded in 1903 by J. Murray Jordan (qv) who also produced postcards under his own name64.
Würthle & Sohn, Salzburg, Austria
- WÜRTHLE & SOHN, SALZBURG
Karl Friedrich Würthle65 (18 September 1820 to 8 October 1902) was a photographer in Salzburg. In partnership with Hermann Spinnhirn he began the production and distribution of postcards and gained world fame for their landscapes, especially high mountains. They opened a chromolithograph facility in Freilassing in Bavaria. There followed retail operations in Munich, Vienna and London. Würthle’s son Friedrich took over Spinnhirn’s interest after his death in 1892 and the company was renamed Würthle und Sohn. But the height of success was over, and as early as 1904 Friedrich Würthle junior had to sell his studio on Schwarzstrasse to the photographers Eduard Bertel and Carl Pietzner. Publishing ceased in 1907.
John Evelyn Wrench, London
- The Wrench Series [with a drawing of a wrench and WRENCH in an oval logo]
John Evelyn Wrench (1882 to 1966)66
Wrench, John, and Son, 50, Gray’s Inn Road,
was only 18 when in 1900 he published his first card. The earliest postmark on one of their cards is dated 26 March 190167. By 1904 his business had stock covering more than ten thousand subjects and had issued a similar number of stands to retailers. Financial crisis led Wrench to leave the business which, after destroying two million cards considered substandard, closed in 1906. Unusually for a postcard publisher, Wrench wrote an autobiography, Uphill The first stage in a strenuous life. My card of a tinted photograph of a Yeoman of the Guard has a postmark-type stamp below the picture commemorative of the Coronation of King Edward VII in 1902, a promotional exercise by the publisher it seems.
George E Wright
Hartford, Connecticut, USA
- GEORGE E. WRIGHT, HARTFORD, CONN
George E Wright, (1853 to 1926) Hartford. Wright was a pioneering postcard publisher/photographer who published local topographical photographs as Private Mailing Card52 and into the divided-back era. His early cards included Wright’s panoramic view of Hartford, a series of views of the city. His postcards of Hartford public buildings, parks, bridges, stores, streets and churches are collectors’ items. In 1902 he wrote the 36 page Hartford Connecticut Street List and Rapid Transit Guide, fares, streetcar lines, street directory, how to get anywhere. In 1908 he wrote and published Crossing the Connecticut, a memorial to the then new Hartford Bridge, which is still in use today and is one of the oldest bridges in the interstate highway system. It is also the largest stone arch bridge in the world. The book also documents all the bridges and ferries that existed at that site and all the public crossing places on the Connecticut river within the state of Connecticut53.
Karl F Wunder
- Phot. u. Verlag Karl F Wunder, Hannover. Lichtdruck v. Knackstedt & Nather, Hamburg
Karl Friedrich Wunder, (born 1849) photographer, Hanover, was taught photography by his father Friedrich Karl Wunder who started business in 1844 and became the best known Hanoverian photographer of the 19th century. In 1875 Wunder took over the father’s business, advertising portraits, architecture and landscapes. When he took part in the 1878, general trade exhibition of the province of Hanover, the official trade exhibition newspaper said of his work: It is mostly portraits of famous personalities of Hanover in impeccable execution. Position, exposure and retouching leave nothing to be desired – still enhanced by the elegant frames from the Siegmund Federlein factory.
About then he had the Wunder-Haus built by the architect Christoph Hehl as his place of residence and business on Friedrichstrasse (today 17 Friedrichswall). The red brick building in Gothic style was the first bourgeois, four-story building in the section of the street that was previously dominated by aristocratic palace buildings. The building was destroyed by air raids in WWII though the facade remains as a listed building. At the beginning of the 1880s, Wunder sat on the board of the German Photographic Association, the first all-Germany interest group for those professionally involved in photography. At the latest after the introduction of the telephone in Hanover in 1887 Wunder had a branch in Leipzig in association with Georg Brokesch.
Wunder produced numbered and un-numbered local topographical cards. This example is his own photograph of Hannover printed by Knackstedt & Naether. The business did not survive the economic difficulties of the inter-war years.
Wyndham & Company
Acton, Middlesex, England
- The “Wyndham” Series
Wyndham & Company of Acton are said to have manufactured over 10,000 different cards from 1902 onwards68 though undivided back cards clearly indicates earlier activity of this kind. Their Wyndham series included many views of England, particularly London and a social history series London Life. Wyndham & Co., Ltd., Bollo Lane, Acton. W. printed the Reports of the Chief Librarian for the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith for the years ended 31st March, 1907 to 190969. Maides’ Stores, Stationer, bookseller and newsagent, West Street, Midhurst, Sussex, published their own postcards and bought from others including Wyndham & Co. who anonymously made collotypes that have serial numbers prefaced by the letter W. The Wyndham Series also included 40 Views of Hastings, St Leonards, Bexhill, Battle Abbey and Neighbourhood70
6 The Pacific Commercial Advertiser 19 November 1903
7 Telephone 16
9 Photographic News 24 February 1888
14Washington News Company v. Satti 169 Md. 489, 182 A. 286
15 Rand, McNally & Co.’s 1901 pictorial guide to Washington and environs : including complete descriptions of the Capitol, Library of Congress, White House, the departments, Mount Vernon, Arlington, and all other points of interest
16 Picture Postcards and their Publishers Anthony Byatt 1978 Golden Age Postcard Books page 329
17 Printed By George E. Eyre And William Spottiswoode,(qv) Printers To The Queen’s Host Excellent Majesty
20 Gebrüder Wehrli. Pioniere der Alpin-Fotografie (FotoSzeneSchweiz) Gebundene Ausgabe – 1. Mai 2005 – Gebrüder Wehrli. Pioneers of alpine photography Edited by Paul Hugger / With texts by Johannes Vogel PhotoSceneSwitzerland 1st ed., May 2005
24H. G. Olds. News of an unknown Abel Alexander y Luis Priamo (Translated into English by Leigh Fisher) http://www.oocities.org/abelalexander/oldsingles.htm
28Picture Postcard Annual 2020
30Member of the Legislative Council, part of the Parliament of Western Australia http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/37795427
32 As Others See Chicago: Impressions of Visitors, 1673-1933 Bessie Louise Pierce, Joe Lester Norris University of Chicago Press,29 May 2004 page 121
33 Chicago Tribune Friday 13 Oct 1871
34 The Donaldsonville Chief newspaper 4 November 1871
35 The Brooklyn Daily Eagle 31 May 1918
36 Daily News 12 September 1922
39 Northwest German art publishing house – Goslar am Harz
44 Baedeker: Ceylon, Vorderindien, Birma, die Malayische Halbinsel, Siam [und] Java
45 The German Photographers of Madras Gabrielle Landwehr
48 sonnenschein serie
54 Volné Směry
55 Bavarian Commercial Museum
56 Max Vosberg-Rekow published in 2018 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH
59 The Construction of Gothic Cathedrals: A Study of Medieval Vault Erection John Fitchen University of Chicago Press, 1981
62Picture Postcards and their Publishers Anthony Byatt 1978 Golden Age Postcard Books page 333
63 sonnenschein serie
66Picture Postcards and their Publishers Anthony Byatt 1978 Golden Age Postcard Books page 335
67Picture Postcard Annual 2020