Terminology

This page will help you translate some of the relevant terms between English, German, French, Italian and Spanish. Elsevier’s Dictionary of the Printing and Allied Industries has been published in two editions of which I have the 1967 which I find of great assistance.

I’m grateful to Joachim of the excellent Bibliothekspostkarten website for help with some of the German terms in this page.

chromolithography

a colour printing process by lithography

chromotype

G: Farbdruck, Mehrfarbendruck

collotype

G: Lichtdruck F: heliotypie, phototypie US: phototype S:Fototipia

A process for making high-quality prints from a sheet of light-sensitive gelatin exposed photographically to the image without using a screen.

ferrotype

G: Ferrotypie

lithography

a planographic method of printing that uses the chemical repulsion between water and grease to separate the printing and non-printing areas.

photogravure

G: Heliogravüre

The abbreviations héliog. or héliogr., found on old reproductions, may stand for the French word héliogravure, and can then refer to any form of photogravure

linotype

I: linotipie lithograph G: Lithografie

art publisher

G: Kunstverlag

photographer

G: Fotograf,

phototype

S:Fototipia

planographic

S: planográfico G: Flachdruck

Planographic printing means printing from a flat surface, as opposed to a raised surface (as with relief printing) or incised surface (as with intaglio printing). Lithography and offset lithography are such processes that rely on the property that water will not mix with oil.

printer

I: tipografo G: Drucker

publisher’s mark

G: Signet

publishing house

G: Verlagsanstalt, Verlag

trade mark

G: Schutzmarke, Marke

typography

I: tipografie G: Typografie